Amphicars Ahoy!  水陸兩棲車:上山下海


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2015/11/10 第236期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱


優惠活動訊息:見訊息
   

Amphicars Ahoy!  水陸兩棲車:上山下海

by Paul Hines

Is it a car? Is it a boat? Or is it both?
它是一輛車?還是一艘船?亦或兩者皆是?

  When former US president Lyndon B. Johnson entertained visitors on his Texas ranch, he enjoyed playing a prank on his unsuspecting guests. First, he would take his guests for a drive, and then he would speed down a hill towards a lake yelling, "The brakes have failed!" Screams turned into laughter as his car floated as smoothly as a luxury boat across the lake. The president’s car was an Amphicar, a car that can float.
  Amphicars were first manufactured in 1961 in Germany primarily for the American market, although a few were converted to right-hand drive for the British market. Sales of the vehicle were anticipated to be around 20,000 per year, but by the time production wound up in 1968, only 4,000 were actually manufactured. Unfortunately, they were considered a novelty item despite some of them being used in the Berlin police force and rescue services in America. The poor reception to the Amphicar by motoring and boating enthusiasts was another reason for the lack of success. An article in Time magazine reviewed the Amphicar, saying, "The standard line is that the Amphicar was both a lousy car and a lousy boat."
  The Amphicar looked almost identical to a regular car, although the front of the vehicle was slightly pointed and its body was a lot higher off the ground. Despite being equipped with a state-of-the-art engine, it wasn’t as powerful as a comparable car or boat. In water, it was propelled by two propellers mounted under the rear bumper bar and steered by the front wheels.
  Amphicars originally sold for around the same price as a family car, but now, fully-restored Amphicars can fetch up to NT$3,000,000.
————————————————————————————————
1. How did former US president Lyndon B. Johnson like to entertain his guests?
(A) By taking them on a tour of Texas.
(B) By speeding around in his car on his ranch.
(C) By playing a prank on them with his Amphicar.
(D) By taking them for a cruise on a lake in his luxury boat.
————————————————————————————————
2. What is an Amphicar?
(A) A car that can travel on both dry land and water.
(B) A car capable of flying.
(C) A boat that looks like a car.
(D) A car that looks like a boat.
————————————————————————————————
3. Which of the following is NOT a reason for Amphicars being unsuccessful?
(A) They were considered a novelty item.
(B) They met with a poor reception from motoring and boating enthusiasts.
(C) They were too expensive.
(D) They had poor reviews in magazines.
————————————————————————————————
4. What is true about Amphicars?
(A) They were steered by two propellers.
(B) They had a high-performance engine.
(C) They were only made for world leaders.
(D) They were identical to a regular car.

 

ahoy n. 啊嗨(船員打招呼的喊聲)
ranch n. 牧場
novelty n. 新奇的事物(不可數);新穎小巧而價廉的物品(可數)
line n. 看法;態度
pointed a. 尖的
comparable a. 可比較的
propeller n. 螺旋槳
mount vt. 安裝,架置
rear a. 後面的
bumper bar n. 保險桿

  1. wind up  結束
    衍: wind up N/V-ing  到頭來……
    = end up N/V-ing
    (wind 的三態為:wind, wound, wound。)
    The president is about to wind up his visit to the US.
    該總統即將結束在美國的訪問。
    The drug dealer wound up losing everything, including his family.
    這名毒販到頭來什麼都沒了,包括他的家庭。
  2. be equipped with…  配備有……
    All the police officers in this city are equipped with a body camera.
    這城市的所有警察皆配有一臺隨身攝影機。

When former US president Lyndon B. Johnson entertained visitors on his Texas ranch, he enjoyed playing a prank on his unsuspecting guests.
注意
比較 prank 與 joke 的差別:
prank 多指精心規劃並付出行動,且會使他人不好意思或難堪的窘境。與 joke 相比會較為嚴重;但兩者之間差異並不大。
play a prank on sb  對某人惡作劇
同: play a practical joke on sb
Allan played a prank on Jason by pulling the chair out from under him.
艾倫對傑森惡作劇,把他坐的椅子給移開。

  1. amphicar n. 水陸兩棲車
    (此字為合併詞,由表『水陸兩棲的』一字 amphibious,與 car 結合而成)
  2. former a. 前任的 & n. 前者
    反: latter a. 後者的 & n. 後者
    衍: the former… the latter…  前者……後者……
    John and Peter were classmates. The former is a police officer, while the latter is a robber now.
    約翰和彼得曾是同窗。現在前者是警察,後者則是強盜。
  3. entertain vt. 娛樂
    衍: entertain sb with…  以……娛樂某人
    The clown entertained his guests with a variety of magic tricks at the beginning of the show.
    表演剛開始時,這個小丑以各種魔術戲法娛樂他的觀眾。
  4. yell vi. 叫喊,吼叫(多指生氣時所發出的大吼聲)
    衍: yell at + 人  對某人大吼大叫
    比較 shout vi. 大叫(多指想提高音量讓遠處的人聽見我們的聲音)
    The manager always yells at her employees when they make the same mistake.
    當員工犯了相同的錯誤,這位經理總是大聲斥責他們。
    The people shouted for help as they ran out of a bank during a robbery.
    民眾在逃離銀行搶案中時大聲求救。
  5. brake n. 煞車(因車子有四個輪子,各有煞車片,故本字常用複數)
  6. laughter n. 笑,笑聲(不可數)
  7. float vi. 漂浮
    The lumberjack cut down a tree and made it float down the river.
    這名伐木工砍掉了一棵樹,將它放進河裡順流漂下。
    *lumberjack n. 伐木工人
  8. smoothly adv. 順利地
    The surgery will take about three hours if everything goes smoothly.
    如果進行順利的話,手術將耗費約三個小時。
  9. manufacture vt. 製造,生產
    The man was arrested by the police for manufacturing thousands of pirated CDs.
    該男子因製造好幾千片盜版光碟而遭警方逮捕。
  10. anticipate vt. 期待,期望
    衍: anticipate V-ing  期待/期望??
    The electronics company anticipates having dozens of applicants for the job.
    那家電子公司預計將有數十人應徵該職缺。
  11. reception n. 接受度;(信號)接收
    Julia has to tilt the TV’s antenna slightly to the right to get a better reception.
    茱莉亞得把電視天線微微向右傾斜收訊才比較清楚。
    *antenna n. 天線
  12. enthusiast n. 熱衷者
    衍: freak n. 狂熱愛好者,怪胎
  13. lousy a. 差勁的,糟糕的
    同: awful a.
    The uniform the school forces us to wear is lousy; it’s cheap and uncomfortable.
    學校強迫我們穿的制服爛透了;它既廉價又不舒適。
  14. identical a. 相同的
    衍: be identical to…  與……完全相同
    Jim’s proposal is identical to the one our company used last year.
    吉姆的提案跟我們公司去年使用的一模一樣。
    *proposal n. 提案,計劃
  15. state-of-the-art a. 先進的
  16. propel vt. 驅動,推動
    衍: propel sb to V  促使/激發某人(做)……
    The mayor’s suppressive measures propelled the group to protest outside his office building.
    該市長鎮壓的手段促使該團體在他辦公大樓外抗議。
  17. steer vt. 駕駛;引導
    It was a required skill to know how to steer a ship by the position of the stars in ancient times.
    在古代,知道如何藉由星星的方位駕駛一艘船是一項必備的技能。
  18. fetch vt. 賣得,售得
    The 10-carat diamond is expected to fetch at least one million dollars.
    這顆十克拉的鑽石預計至少可賣得一百萬元。


水陸兩棲車:上山下海
它是一輛車?還是一艘船?亦或兩者皆是?
  美國前總統林登•貝恩斯•詹森在他德州的牧場宴請訪客時,喜歡對那些毫無疑心的賓客惡作劇。首先他會載他的賓客去兜風,之後加速朝著一面湖疾駛下山,並且大喊『煞車失靈啦!』當他的車子像一艘豪華遊艇平穩地橫越這片湖的時候,這些尖叫聲隨即轉變為笑聲。這輛總統的座車是水陸兩棲車,一輛可以在水上漂浮的車。
  水陸兩棲車在 1961 年於德國生產,主要針對美國市場,不過有些為了進攻英國市場則改裝成右座駕駛。水陸兩棲車的銷量預期每年生產約兩萬輛,但到了 1968 年結束生產時,實際產量只有四千輛。可惜的是,儘管有些水路兩棲車被柏林警察部隊以及美國的救難勤務所採用,它們仍被視為一種新奇的玩意兒。汽車以及遊艇愛好者對於水陸兩棲車的接受度不佳是另一個失敗的原因。《時代雜誌》當中有一篇關於水陸兩棲車的評論提到:『以大眾的標準來看,水陸兩棲車是糟糕的車也是糟糕的船。』
  儘管水陸兩棲車的車頭稍微尖凸,且車身離地面相較高出許多,不過它看起來與一般車輛幾乎一模一樣。雖然配有尖端引擎,但它仍無法和相似車輛或者遊艇一樣有力。在水中,它藉由安裝在後保險桿下方的兩個螺旋槳來推動,且由前輪控制方向。
水陸兩棲車起初與一般家庭房車售價相當,但如今,全面整修過的水陸兩棲車可售得新臺幣三百萬元。
1. 美國前總統林登•貝恩斯•詹森喜歡怎樣娛樂他的賓客?
(A) 帶他們遊覽德州。
(B) 用他的車在自家牧場高速駕駛。
(C) 運用他的水陸兩棲車來對他們開玩笑。
(D) 帶他們搭自己的豪華郵輪遊湖。
題解:根據本文第一段,首先他會載他的賓客去兜風,之後加速朝著一面湖疾駛下山,並且大喊『煞車失靈啦!』這輛總統的座車是水陸兩棲車,一輛可以在水上漂浮的車,故 (C) 項應為正選。
2. 什麼是水陸兩棲車?
(A) 一輛能夠行駛於陸地及水上的車。
(B) 一輛能飛的車。
(C) 一艘看起來像車的船。
(D) 一輛看起來像船的車。
題解:根據本文第一段,這輛總統的座車是水陸兩棲車,一輛可以在水上漂浮的車,得知水陸兩棲車可於陸地及水上行駛,故 (A) 項應為正選。
3. 下列哪一項不是水陸兩棲車失敗的原因?
(A) 它們被視為一種新奇的玩意兒。
(B) 它們並未受到汽車和遊艇愛好者的歡迎。
(C) 它們身價不斐。
(D) 它們在雜誌中的負面評價。
題解:根據本文第二段,僅 (C) 項未被提及,故為正選。
4. 哪一項關於水陸兩棲車的敘述是正確的?
(A) 它們以兩個螺旋槳控制方向。
(B) 它們擁有高性能引擎。
(C) 它們只為世界上的領袖製造。
(D) 它們與一般汽車長得一模一樣。
題解:根據本文第三段,雖然配有尖端引擎,但它仍無法和相似車輛或者遊艇一樣有力,故 (B) 項應為正選。

答案: 1. C 2. A 3. C 4. B

 
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