Paper Cathedrals  環保•重生•紙教堂


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2015/11/03 第219期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱


優惠活動訊息:見訊息
   

Paper Cathedrals  環保•重生•紙教堂

  Many countries in the world have to live with earthquakes. Most of the time, they only cause a small amount of inconvenience. Perhaps we are woken up in the middle of the night or get a bit of a fright. Sometimes, however, earthquakes cause a lot of damage. Houses, schools, and other buildings are destroyed, and it takes many months, and even years, to rebuild.
  In 1995, there was a large earthquake in Japan that, unfortunately, destroyed the Takatori Catholic Church. Soon afterwards, Shigeru Ban, a famous architect, built a temporary church made of paper tubes. He generously paid for the construction, which was named the Paper Dome. The dome was later replaced with a permanent church in 2005.
  In 1999, thousands of buildings, including a church in Nantou, were destroyed when the 921 Earthquake struck Taiwan. The Japanese people kindly gave the materials from the Paper Dome to rebuild Nantou’s church.
  In 2011, an earthquake struck Christchurch in New Zealand. The citizens asked Shigeru Ban to design a cardboard cathedral similar to the Paper Dome he had built 16 years earlier. The cathedral was completed in 2013, making it one of the top spots in New Zealand to visit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

    世上的許多國家都必須忍受地震。大部分的時候,它們只會造成一點不便。也許我們會在半夜被震醒或者有點受到驚嚇。然而,有時候地震會造成許多損害。住宅、學校、和其他建築物都會被摧毀,而這需要花好幾個月,甚至好幾年的時間來重建。
  1995 年時,日本發生了一場大地震,不幸的是,它摧毀了鷹取教會。不久之後,知名建築師?茂打造了一座用紙管搭造的臨時教堂。他很慷慨地支付了建造的費用,而這棟建築物被命名為『鷹取 Paper Dome 紙教堂』。這座教堂後來於 2005 年時被一座永久的教堂取代。
  1999 年時,上千棟建築物,包括南投縣的一座教堂在 921 大地震襲擊台灣時被摧毀。日本人很好心地提供來自鷹取 Paper Dome 紙教堂的材料來重建南投縣的教堂。
  2011 年時,一場地震襲擊了紐西蘭的基督城。該城的市民們要求?茂設計一座類似於他十六年前打造的鷹取 Paper Dome 紙教堂的硬紙板製大教堂。這座大教堂於 2013 年時完工,並成為了紐西蘭最值得參訪的地點之一。

 
  1. live with…  忍受/接受……
    Billy can’t live with his roommate’s bad habits.
    比利無法忍受他室友的壞習慣。
  2. amount n. 數量
    a small / large amount of + 不可數名詞  少量/大量的……
    The partygoers left a large amount of trash behind when the party ended.
    派對結束時,參加派對的人留下了大量的垃圾。
    * leave…behind / leave behind…  留下……;拋下……
  3. fright n. 驚嚇;恐怖
    get / have a fright  受到驚嚇,嚇一跳
    Johnny got a fright when he realized how much money he owed Kelly.
    強尼知道自己欠了凱莉那麼多錢後,他嚇了一跳。
  4. rebuild vt. 重建
    This area needed to be rebuilt after the fire.
    這個地區在大火後需要被重建。
  5. temporary a. 臨時的,暫時的
    The hiker cut some branches down to make a temporary shelter for the night.
    那位健行客砍下一些樹枝來搭建一個臨時的避難所過夜。
    * shelter n. 避難所
  6. generously adv. 慷慨地
    Uncle Roger gave generously to the charity.
    羅傑叔叔慷慨地捐錢給那個慈善機構。
  7. replace vt. 取代,替換(常與介詞 with 並用)
    Iris decided to replace her old washing machine with a new one.
    艾芮絲決定把她的洗衣機汰舊換新。
  8. complete vt. 完成
    Leo took two years to complete his novel.
    里歐花了兩年的時間來完成他的小說。
  1. inconvenience n. 不便,麻煩
  2. unfortunately adv. 不幸地,令人遺憾地
  3. architect n. 建築師
  4. construction n. 建築物;建造
  5. dome n. 圓屋頂,穹頂
  6. permanent a. 永久的

be made of… 和 be made from… 的比較
本文 "Soon afterwards, Shigeru Ban, a famous architect, built a temporary church building made of paper tubes." 中的 (be) made of… 表『由……製成(產品仍保有材料原來的性質或形狀)』。而 (be) made from… 則表『由……製成(產品不保留材料原來的性質或形狀)』。例:

The sweater is made of pure wool, so it is very warm.
(這件毛衣是用純羊毛編織而成的,所以它很保暖。)
This kind of wine is made from frozen grapes.
(這種酒是用冰凍的葡萄製成的。)


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